Pericarditis as a Rare Complication of Severe LeptospirosisEdmond Puca*, Gentian Stroni, Elda Qyra, Zhenisa Hysenaj, Liridon Zguri and Arben Pilaca
University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
- *Corresponding Author:
- Edmond Puca
University Hospital Center
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 03, 2015 Accepted Date: August 01, 2015 Published Date: August 03, 2015
Citation: Edmond P, Gentian S, Elda Q, Zhenisa H, Liridon Z et al. (2015) Pericarditis as a Rare Complication of Severe Leptospirosis. Trop Med Surg 3:193. doi:10.4172/2329-9088.1000193
Copyright: © 2015 Edmond et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Leptospirosis is a disease with a large geographical spreading. The clinical picture varies from undiagnosed, flulike syndrome to multiorgan involvement forms. Involvement of pericardium during leptospirosis is a rare event but not unknown.
Objective: Our aim is to describe a severe case of leptospirosis (Weil's diseases) with prominent liver involvement, complicated with exudative pericarditis.
Materials and Methods: A male patient, working as a mechanic, presents with fever, conjunctival suffusion, jaundice, pronounced myalgia and anuria for more than two days. Based on the clinical evidence, laboratory results showing multiorgan involvement and the epidemiological data, the patient was suspected for leptospirosis.
Results: Referring to the above mentioned data, the patient was serologically tested with ELISA for leptospirosis, which resulted positive for IgM and IgG in two blood samples.
Conclusion: Severe clinical presentations of leptospirosis are not rare and cardiac involvements are not to, but remain underreported in most of the cases. Through this case report, we want to share our experience with our colleague and at the same time we want to bring into attention the rare complications of leptospirosis, such as pericarditis in our case.