Peripheral Intravenous Catheter (PIVC) Related Local Complications among Patients in KFCH-JizanMakafi SA* and Marfega MACM
Nursing Education and Staff Development Department, King Fahd Central Hospital-Jizan, Saudi Arabia
- Corresponding Author:
- Shougi A Makafi
Nursing Education and Staff Development Department
King Fahd Central Hospital-Jizan, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 13, 2017; Accepted Date: July 26, 2017; Published Date: August 2, 2017
Citation: Makafi SA, Marfega MACM (2017) Peripheral Intravenous Catheter (PIVC) Related Local Complications among Patients in KFCHJizan. Adv Practice Nurs 2:138. doi:10.4172/2573-0347.1000138
Copyright: © 2017 Makafi SA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Peripheral intravenous catheterization is a common invasive nursing procedure performed in healthcare institutions. It is a technique which involves insertion of a needle into the peripheral veins for various reasons. As one of the commonest nursing procedures being performed, it also brought significant risks to patients resulting to prolong hospital stay and delay in recovery period if not properly executed.
Objectives: The study primarily aims to determine the incidence rate of peripheral intravenous cannula related local complications in the hospital.
Design: The study is a descriptive type of research since it mainly deals with identifying the incident rate of phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation and hematoma and its underlying causes.
Settings: Study was conducted in one of the Ministry of Health hospitals in Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
Participants: All the patients admitted in the hospital during the data gathering period was included regardless of their demographic status. A total of 406 patients, with 458 peripheral cannula were assessed.
Methods: The study is quantitative type of research since it mainly sought to find out the number of phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation and hematoma cases in the above mentioned healthcare institution.
Result: The findings show that the rate of phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation and hematoma are 21, 7, 3.5, 12 percent respectively.
Conclusions: There were high incidence of intravenous cannula related complications in the hospital which needs to be reduced or completely eradicated in order to improve overall patient's health outcome.