alexa Perspectives of Forest Biodiversity Conservation in Northeast India
ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
Open Access

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Review Article

Perspectives of Forest Biodiversity Conservation in Northeast India

ShriKant Tripathi1*, Arijit Roy2, Deepak Kushwaha2, Fanai Lalnunmawia1, Lalnundanga1, Hnialum Lalraminghlova3, Chalthleng Lalnunzira1 and Parth Sarathi Roy4

1Department of Forestry, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram, India

2Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

3Department of Environmental Science, Mizoram University, Aizawl, India

4University Center of Earth and Space Science, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

*Corresponding Author:
ShriKant Tripathi
Department of Forestry, Mizoram University
Aizawl, Mizoram-796004, India
Tel: 0389 233 0654
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 09, 2015; Accepted date: March 14, 2016; Published date: March 25, 2016

Citation: Tripathi S, Roy A, Kushwaha D, Lalnunmawia F, Lalnundanga, et al. (2016) Perspectives of Forest Biodiversity Conservation in Northeast India. J Biodivers Biopros Dev 3:157. doi:10.4172/2376-0214.1000157

Copyright: © 2016 Tripathi S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Forests are major repositories of biodiversity and provide essential goods and services for humanity. Biodiversity loss is a major threat to forest ecosystem and emerging as a great challenge to humanity. Estimation of biodiversity or biological richness of a region is a difficult task that is an impossible goal without technological inputs. The Northeast India, part of Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot, is one of the still relatively undisturbed regions of the world harbouring almost 50% of the flowering plant of the Indian subcontinent. This region is economically less developed and forests are under tremendous pressure from the anthropogenic influences mainly due to the local traditional shifting (jhum) cultivation practices. This article aims to bring an overview on current state of forest biodiversity and its conservation strategies in the Northeast India including traditional knowledge of conservation in this region. Further, the emphasis has been placed on various approaches of biodiversity characterization with the use of information technology like GIS to plan proper conservation and prioritization for sustaining the biodiversity of the region.

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