alexa Phenotype Changes of Circulating Monocytes in a Hyperch
ISSN: 2157-7099

Journal of Cytology & Histology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Phenotype Changes of Circulating Monocytes in a Hypercholesterolemic Swine Model of Coronary Artery Disease

Silverio Sbrana1*, Gualtiero Pelosi2, Maria Rita Puntoni3, Federica Viglione2, Maria Giovanna Trivella2 and Oberdan Parodi2

1Flow Cytometry Laboratory, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Massa, Italy

2Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy

3Laboratory of Dyslipidemic Diseases and Atherosclerosis, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Silverio Sbrana
Flow Cytometry Laboratory, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology
“G. Pasquinucci” Heart Hospital, 54100 Massa (MS), Italy
Tel: +39-0585-493595
Fax: +39-0585-493601
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 16, 2014; Accepted Date: August 21, 2014; Published Date: August 23, 2014

Citation: Sbrana S, Pelosi G, Puntoni MR, Viglione F, Trivella MG, et al. (2014) Phenotype Changes of Circulating Monocytes in a Hypercholesterolemic Swine Model of Coronary Artery Disease. J Cytol Histol 5:270. doi:10.4172/2157-7099.1000270

Copyright: © 2014 Sbrana S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Objective: Inflammation and immunity activation play a key role in atherosclerosis (ATS) onset and progression. Aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between phenotype of circulating monocytes and coronary artery disease (CAD) development in a histologically well-characterized swine model of ATS.
Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 6 animals at baseline and after 16 weeks high fat cholesterolenriched diet. Flow cytometry monocyte identification was performed (CD172a marker). Adhesion (CD18a, CD11a, CD11R3, CD49d, CD29), differentiation (CD14) and activation receptors (SLA-DR, CD16, CD163) were quantified as percentage of positivity (%) and Relative Fluorescence Intensity (RFI). Lipid parameters (LDL, oxLDL, HDL) and soluble endothelial ICAM-1 were measured and histologic quantitative assessment of coronary ATS was performed.
Results: Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated a significant post-diet decrease of CD14 RFI and an increment of % SLA-DR. Pre-diet values of ICAM-1 and % SLA-DR correlated reciprocally (P=0.0191) and with several CAD severity indexes (P≤0.02). Positive correlations between RFI changes of CD29 (P=0.0213) and CD18a (P=0.0341) and morphometric indexes of coronary ATS were found. Post-diet RFI values of CD29, CD18a and CD16 were also closely related to morphometric parameters (P<0.03). A cumulative post-diet tendency to increase of CD14low/ CD163high monocyte fraction (45.07 ± 2.27 vs. 40.14 ± 3.16) and a tight correlation between changes of this monocyte subset and corresponding HDL variations (P=0.0100) were also observed.
Conclusions: Blood monocyte orientation towards a macrophage-like phenotype, similar to a HDL-induced maturation, and a close association between markers changes and severity of diet induced coronary ATS could provide new insights into plaque growth and progression in CAD.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords