Photobacteriosis Exchange between Wild and Farmed Fish in the Mediterranean Area
Institute for Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC)-National Research Council (CNR)-Section of Messina, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Monique Mancuso
Institute for Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC)
-National Research Council (CNR)-Section of Messina
Spianata S. Raineri 86, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 07, 2012; Accepted Date: October 09, 2012; Published Date: October 17, 2012
Citation: Mancuso M (2012) Photobacteriosis Exchange between Wild and Farmed Fish in the Mediterranean Area. J Aquacult Res Dev 3:e102. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.1000e102
Copyright: © 2012 Mancuso M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Photobacteriosis appeared for the first time in the Mediterranean area in 1990 causing heavy losses in fish-farms and affecting also the open sea. It affects several fish species, the aetiological agent is Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida. The disease is influenced by climatic changes and depends from the age of fish. The bacterium may survive in water and sediment for one month and can entry in a viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state and moreover may be transmitted to fish through water using the skin as a portal to entry. The potential exchange of pathogens between farmed and wild fish is already object of debate. Great efforts are necessary to better understand the dynamics of the disease and monitoring plans and facilities management.