Physical Activity of Preschool Children: A Review
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sara Crosatti Barbosa
Master, temporary teacher in the course of Physical Education
University of Northern Paraná (UENP)
Health Sciences Center (CCS)
Alameda Padre Magno, New Jacarezinho
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 21, 2016; Accepted date: May 28, 2016; Published date: May 31, 2016
Citation: Barbosa HC, Oliveira ARD (2016) Physical Activity of Preschool Children: A Review. Physiother Rehabil 1:111. doi:10.4172/2573-0312.1000111
Copyright: © 2016 Barbosa SC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this study was to determine the level of physical activity of children during the period of stay in preschools, and associated factors. A literature search was conducted in databases Web of Science, Sport Discus, Science Direct, PubMed and Scopus. Inclusion criteria were: articles concerning physical activity of children aged 2-6 years in preschools. Seven original articles were included. The methods of evaluation were: accelerometers, pedometers and direct observation. In total, we analyzed 1485 children aged 2-6 years. Findings indicated on average 7.51 h/day and 7.22 h/day of stay of children in preschool, with the highest percentage of sedentary physical activity. Conclusion that children attending preschools spend most of the day in sedentary behavior. Activities initiated by adults tend to result in lower levels of physical activity among children. The space inside for games, outdoor games, markings on the floor to play, jumping and climbing equipment are some actions that increase the level of daily physical activity of children in such places.