Physico-Chemical Characteristics, Analytics and Metabolism of Folate in PlantsAshok Verma K1*, Akhilesh Pandey K1 and Neeraj Dubey K2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ashok Verma K
Department of Biochemistry
Banaras Hindu University
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 03, 2015; Accepted date: November 25, 2015; Published date: December 04, 2015
Citation: Verma KA, Pandey KA, Dubey KN (2015) Physico-Chemical Characteristics, Analytics and Metabolism of Folate in Plants. J Food Process Technol 7:536. doi:10.4172/2157-7110.1000536
Copyright: © 2015 Verma KA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In one carbon reaction, tetrahydrofolate works as cofactor for the synthesis of glycine, serine, methionine, purines and thymidylate. Folate or vitamin B9 is not synthesized in humans therefore plants are the main source of this essential vitamin. Deficiency of vitamin B9 may cause severe health consequences like birth defects, megaloblastic anemia, cardiovascular disorders, cancers, etc. To recover folate intake worldwide in the daily diet it is essential to engineer genetically universal food plants with intrinsic capacity to synthesize folate. In this review, we have precised recent advances in determination, biosynthesis enzymes, transport and compartmentation of folate.