alexa Physico-Chemical Characteristics, Analytics and Metabol
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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Review Article

Physico-Chemical Characteristics, Analytics and Metabolism of Folate in Plants

Ashok Verma K1*, Akhilesh Pandey K1 and Neeraj Dubey K2

1Department of Biochemistry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

2Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, Newe-Yaar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel

*Corresponding Author:
Ashok Verma K
Department of Biochemistry
Banaras Hindu University
Varanasi, India
Tel: 0542-2307539
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 03, 2015; Accepted date: November 25, 2015; Published date: December 04, 2015

Citation: Verma KA, Pandey KA, Dubey KN (2015) Physico-Chemical Characteristics, Analytics and Metabolism of Folate in Plants. J Food Process Technol 7:536. doi:10.4172/2157-7110.1000536

Copyright: © 2015 Verma KA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

In one carbon reaction, tetrahydrofolate works as cofactor for the synthesis of glycine, serine, methionine, purines and thymidylate. Folate or vitamin B9 is not synthesized in humans therefore plants are the main source of this essential vitamin. Deficiency of vitamin B9 may cause severe health consequences like birth defects, megaloblastic anemia, cardiovascular disorders, cancers, etc. To recover folate intake worldwide in the daily diet it is essential to engineer genetically universal food plants with intrinsic capacity to synthesize folate. In this review, we have precised recent advances in determination, biosynthesis enzymes, transport and compartmentation of folate.

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