alexa Phytochemical and antimicrobial study of the flowers of Arenga wightii Griff. - an endemic palm of Southern Western Ghats | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Research Article

Phytochemical and antimicrobial study of the flowers of Arenga wightii Griff. - an endemic palm of Southern Western Ghats

Jeeva S1*, Sukumaran S1, Joselin J2 and Geetha VS3
1Department of Botany, Scott Christian College, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu-629003, India
2Department of Botany, Nesamony Memorial Christian College, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu-629165, India
3Department of Botany and Microbiology, AVVM Sri Pushpam College, Poondi, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu-613 503, India
Corresponding Author : Jeeva S
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany
Scott Christian College, Nagercoil
Kanyakumari-629003, Tamil Nadu, India
Tel: +91-9952202112
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 01, 2014; Accepted February 24, 2015; Published March 02, 2015
Citation: Jeeva S, Sukumaran S, Joselin J, Geetha VS (2015) Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Study of the Flowers of Griff – An Endemic Palm of Southern Western Ghats. Med Aromat Plants 4:181. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000181
Copyright: © 2015 Jeeva S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: To make scientific validation of the flowers of the endemic palm Arenga wightii Griff. in relation to phyto chemistry and antimicrobial activity by agar disc diffusion method. Key Findings: Among the three extracts tested against twelve pathogenic bacteria, acetone flower extract was effective against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes, while chloroform extract was effective against B. cereus, S. aureus, Serratia marcescens and St. pyogenes, while aqueous extract was effective against the gram negative strain Enterobacter sp. and Acinetobacter baumannii. The fungal strains showed no response to the flower extracts. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of phyto constituents viz. steroid, tannin, xantho proteins, phenols, flavonoid, coumarin, saponin and carbohydrates. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the crude extracts obtained from the flowers of A. wightii may be used as drug to treat disease caused by the bacteria. Therefore, further investigations are needed to isolate and characterize their active compounds for pharmacology testing.

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