alexa Phytochemical and Biological Properties of Sesquiterpene Constituents From the Marine Red Seaweed Laurencia: A Review
ISSN: 2329-6836

Natural Products Chemistry & Research
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Review Article

Phytochemical and Biological Properties of Sesquiterpene Constituents From the Marine Red Seaweed Laurencia: A Review

Shaza M Al-Massarani*
Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmacy College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author : Shaza M Al-Massarani
Department of Pharmacognosy
Pharmacy College, King Saud University
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Tel: 96-611-4960-181
E-mail: salmassarani@ksu.edu.sa
Received May 29, 2014; Accepted August 18, 2014; Published August 20, 2014
Citation: Shaza M Al-Massarani (2014) Phytochemical and Biological Properties of Sesquiterpene Constituents From the Marine Red Seaweed Laurencia: A Review. Nat Prod Chem Res 2:147. doi:10.4172/2329-6836.1000147
Copyright: © 2014 Shaza M Al-Massarani. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Laurencia is an important marine red algal genus comprising of approximately 130 taxonomically accepted species. Compounds isolated from Laurencia species display a variety of biological activities, viz., antiviral, antibacterial, antifouling, antifungal, antioxidant, antifeedant, antimalarial, anthelmintic, antiasthmatic and cytotoxic activities. Sesquiterpenoids with, various classes and skeletons, are the main constituents of this genus. This review article has surveyed the relevant literature on Laurencia genus from January 2000 to May 2014 from the phytochemical and pharmacological viewpoints. All sesquiterpene compounds reported from this genus, during the mentioned period, are categorized according to their chemical class and general structural type. More than 200 sesquiterpenes isolated from Laurencia red algae are discussed in term of their structural type, occurrence and reported pharmacological activity.

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