Phytochemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume Corm
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sharad Srivastava
University Institute of Health Science
CSJM University, Kanpur, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 06, 2014; Accepted Date: April 28, 2014; Published Date: May 05, 2014
Citation: Srivastava S, Verma D, Srivastava A, Tiwari SS, Dixit B (2014) Phytochemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume Corm. J Nutr Food Sci 4: 274. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000274
Copyright: © 2014 Srivastava S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume (Araceae) is commonly known as Elephant foot yam. Corms are used in India in curries and pickles and are ascribed in vitiated conditions of vata and kapha, arthralgia, elephantiasis, tumours, inflammations, haemorrhages, vomiting, cough, bronchitis, asthma, anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic constipation, helminthiasis hepatopathy, splenopathy, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, seminal weakness, fatigue, anaemia and general debility. The present communication deals with the detailed pharmacognostic evaluation of the corm sample using light microscopy, WHO recommended physico-chemical determinations and phytochemical procedures. The physico-chemical, morphological and histological parameters presented in this paper may be proposed as parameters to establish the authenticity of A. campanulatus corms. A detailed nutritional analysis has also been carried out for quantitative evaluation of active nutrient components to determine calorific value for edible usage. HPTLC analysis showed the presence of β-sitosterol as marker compound in different extracts and fractions.