Phytochemical Screening and Medicinal Potentials of the Bark of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) HJ LamOgboru RO1*, Okolie PL2 and Agboje I1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ogboru RO
Moist Forest Research Station
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria
Benin-City, Edo State, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 18, 2015; Accepted date: August 26, 2015; Published date: August 31, 2015
Citation: Ogboru RO, Okolie PL, Agboje I (2015) Phytochemical Screening and Medicinal Potentials of the Bark of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) HJ Lam. J Environ Anal Chem 2:158. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000158
Copyright: © 2015 Ogboru RO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The bark of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J Lam have been used over the years in rural communities across the tropical region for its medicinal potentials. Phytochemicals are bioactive constituents which are produced via secondary metabolism in relatively small amounts. To ascertain the phytochemical components responsible for the ethno-medicinal properties, a qualitative and quantitative screening of the bark of the tree was conducted. The phytochemical screening of the bark of Dacryodes edulis was sourced from benin city , south-south Nigeria revealed that alkaloids(18.13 mg/kg), Phenolic compounds (22.01 mg/kg), Flavenoids (60.91 mg/kg), Tannins (18.16 mg/kg), Saponins (3.16 mg/kg), Anthraquinones (12.16 mg/kg), Cardiac glycosides (0.81 mg/kg) and steroids (0.91 mg/kg) were significantly present in the sample. The presence of these phytochemicals gives credence to the medicinal benefits that the bark of this plant has been used for in the past years.