alexa Phytochemical Screening of Certain Medicinal Plants of
ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
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Research Article

Phytochemical Screening of Certain Medicinal Plants of Mizoram, India and their Folklore Use

Longjam Shantabi, Ganesh Chandra Jagetia*, Vabeiryureilai M and Lalrinzuali K
Department of Zoology, Mizoram University, Tanhril 796004, Aizawl, India
*Corresponding Author : Ganesh Chandra Jagetia
Professor, Department of Zoology, Mizoram University
Tanhril 796004, Aizawl, India
Tel: 91-0389-2330514,2330227
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 06, 2014; Accepted November 06, 2014; Published November 10, 2014
Citation: Shantabi L, Jagetia GC, Vabeiryureilai M, Lalrinzuali K (2014) Phytochemical Screening of Certain Medicinal Plants of Mizoram, India and their Folklore Use. J Biodivers Biopros Dev 1:136. doi:10.4172/2376-0214.1000136
Copyright: © 2014 Shantabi L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

The inhabitants of Mizoram (Mizos) use several plants for their healthcare and our main interest was to investigate the scientific basis of the medicinal use of these plants. Therefore, the root-stock of Alocasia indica, mature leaves of certain plants including Biden pillosa, Blumeopsis flava, Chromolaena odorata, Cissus discolor, Croton caudatus, Elaeagnus caudata, Leucaena leucocephala, Passiflora edulis and Spilanthes acmella, the latex of Carica papaya and rhizomes of Curcuma caesia were dried and powdered. The chloroform, ethanolic and aqueous extracts of each plant was prepared and subjected to phytochemical analysis and thin layer chromatography (TLC). The phytochemical analysis of the above plants showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, and steroids. Most of these plants contained tannins with the notable exception of Croton caudatus. Similarly, the majority of plant species analyzed showed the presence of phlobatannins except Spilanthes acmella and Passiflora edulis. The cardiac glycosides were absent in Elaeagnus caudata and terpenoids in Leucaena leucocephala and Elaeagnus caudata. The presence of different phytochemical constituents was confirmed by TLC profiling by comparing the Rf values in various solvent systems. Our study indicates that despite the lack of real knowledge of chemistry, the traditional healers knew the medicinal importance of these plants. The medicinal properties of these plants may be due to the presence of various phytochemicals including flavonoids, alkaloids, saponin, steroids, tannins, phlobatannins, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides.

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