alexa Plant Protein Kinase and Protein-Protein Interaction
ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
Open Access

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Review Article

Plant Protein Kinase and Protein-Protein Interaction

Hooi Ling Ho*
Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author : Hooi Ling Ho
Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University
1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, Cheras
56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: +6012 369 9854
Fax : +603 9102 2614
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received November 26, 2014; Accepted January 02, 2015; Published January 05, 2015
Citation: Ling Ho H (2014) Plant Protein Kinase and Protein-Protein Interaction. J Biodivers Biopros Dev 2:142. doi:10.4172/2376-0214.1000142
Copyright: © 2014 Ling Ho H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
 

Abstract

External and internal stimuli trigger the response of signals in the cell which amplified and communicated by various complex signal transduction networks are mostly initiated with the activation of different receptor proteins. These signaling networks perform as protective strategy to allow cells to cope with external stresses that usually restrain the plant growth and development. Protein kinases are among the most common cellular regulatory components of signal transduction in plants. Protein phosphorylation plays prominent role in various biochemical pathways in plants as a result of active implication in the regulation of cell growth and development. Therefore, protein kinase becomes the most common target used to improve plant growth and development. Gravity force, touch, light, gradients in temperature, humidity, ions, chemicals and oxygen are among the environmental elements influencing the physiological and biological aspects of plants. Hence, many different plant species adopt and response to different environmental stresses where they develop physiological strategies to generate their optimum growth. Beside the involvement in the signal transduction pathways, protein kinases also encourage the proteinprotein interaction events within the cells. Therefore, protein phosphorylation plays pivotal roles in activating the protein kinases and transcription factors in various signal transduction pathways. A process whereby a cell communicates and responses to the stimuli from external environment to alter its growth, development, physiology and morphology is known as signal transduction. This signal transduction process involves a serial of biochemical phenomenon that are performed and conducted by many types of enzymes within the cells. Most of the signals are perceived and recognized at the cell surface. The integration and interaction of various signaling information and activities are important, for example, addition of a phosphate to a protein kinase to target the protein substrate. Hence, modification of protein forms protein-protein interaction useful for signal transduction in plant growth and development.

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