PLASMA LIPID ALTERATIONS IN LEUKEMIA PATIENTS
Neoplastic disease indicates a disease of new growth. Neoplasms or tumors may be divided into two categories; benign tumors and malignant tumors. Benign tumors are relatively innocent and remain localized. Malignant tumors are also called cancers and are distinguished from benign tumors by the properties of invasiveness and metastasis. Cancer of the leukocytes and their precursors is known as leukemia. Triglycerides, cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol constitute plasma lipid profile. Objective of the present study was to investigate relationship of plasma lipid profile (Triglycerides, Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol) with leukemia. 180 subjects were included in the study. The subjects comprised of two groups; first as Controls (90 in number) and the second as Patients of Leukemia (also 90 in number). Fasting blood samples were collected for estimation of plasma lipid levels. Comparison between mean values of plasma lipid profile of control subjects and leukemia patients indicated that there was moderate decrease in all plasma levels of leukemia patients: triglycerides (31.29%, P < 0.01), cholesterol (27.15%, P < 0.01), LDLcholesterol (23.28%, P < 0.01) and HDL-cholesterol (24.70%, P<0.05). As there is a change in plasma lipid profile of leukemia patients, the plasma lipid profile may be used as adjuvant for identification of the disease along with the standard diagnostics tools.