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ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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  • Research Article   
  • J Environ Anal Toxicol 2018, Vol 8(2): 558
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000558

Pollution from Small and Medium Size Enterprises: Less Understood and Neglected Sources in Nigerian Environment

Sridhar MKC1, Coker AO2* and Achi C2
1Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Coker AO, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, Tel: 5456316986, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 05, 2018 / Accepted Date: Mar 17, 2018 / Published Date: Mar 25, 2018

Abstract

Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) are encouraged by Nigerian Government to develop and sustain the economy and promote employment. They range from process industries, fabrication workshops, service centres, food and drink premises, and several others. A majority of these sprawled up in urban areas though they are also seen in peripheral and rural areas. These centres play significant role in the national economy. At the same time, they also produce a variety of end products and byproducts in solid, liquid or gaseous forms which affect the environment negatively by polluting air, water and soil. This has resulted in eutrophication of water bodies, contamination of groundwater, soil and affected quality of life in the cities. There are well laid out pollution control regulations and guidelines in the country. The Federal Ministry of Environment, The National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) with five Zonal offices implement these regulations. But in spite of these, SMEs sector which is mostly private driven escapes from being questioned on their poor environmental upkeep and disposal of untreated waste products. This paper has drawn examples from selected major urban areas in Nigeria and highlights some of the issues, challenges and possible mitigation measures to safeguard the fragile Nigerian environment.

Keywords: SMEs; Pollution control; Nigerian environment; Wastewater treatment; Urban pollution; Quality of life

Citation: Sridhar MKC, Coker AO, Achi C (2018) Pollution from Small and Medium Size Enterprises: Less Understood and Neglected Sources in Nigerian Environment. J Environ Anal Toxicol 8: 558. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000558

Copyright: © 2018 Sridhar MKC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

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