alexa Popliteal Vessels Entrapment by a Variant Accessory Belly of Medial Head of Gastrocnemius
ISSN: 2161-0940

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
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Case Report

Popliteal Vessels Entrapment by a Variant Accessory Belly of Medial Head of Gastrocnemius

Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla1, Bhagath Kumar Potu2*, Satheesha Nayak B1 and Kumar MR Bhat3

1Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka, India

2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Bhagath Kumar Potu, Ph.D
Associate Professor of Anatomy and Embryology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
UCSI University, Jalan Menara Gading
Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 19, 2012; Accepted Date: January 22, 2013; Published Date: January 24, 2013

Citation: Srinivasa Rao S, Bhagath Kumar P, Satheesha Nayak B, Kumar MR Bhat (2013) Popliteal Vessels Entrapment by a Variant Accessory Belly of Medial Head of Gastrocnemius. Anatom Physiol 3:116. doi:10.4172/2161-0940.1000116

Copyright: © 2013 Srinivasa Rao S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The present case report regards the incidental finding of right popliteal vessels entrapment by a variant accessory belly of the medial head of gastrocnemius. The accessory head of gastrocnemius took origin from the popliteal surface of the femur and joined the medial head. The popliteal vessels passed between the medial and the accessory head of the gastrocnemius. The accessory head was quite large and was supplied by a branch of tibial nerve. Popliteal vessels compression usually leads to a condition called popliteal vascular entrapment syndrome which is a rare clinical entity, predominantly in young adults. This anomaly might cause intermittent claudication, aneurysmal dilatation, thromboembolism and eventually limb-threatening ischemia. Early recognition and diagnosis is important to minimize surgical treatment and avoid vascular reconstruction. Knowledge about the rare anatomical variants of popliteal vessels is helpful for correct diagnosis and planning of treatment.


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