Post Traumatic Epilepsy: A Review of Triggers and Potential Treatments after Brain InjuryEmily McDonnell and Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner*
Rehabilitation Research Center, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner
Santa Clara Valley Medical Center
751 s. Bascom Avenue, San Jose, CA 95128, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 4, 2014; Accepted date: August 30, 2014; Published date: September 08, 2014
Citation: McDonnell E, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA (2014) Post Traumatic Epilepsy: A Review of Triggers and Potential Treatments after Brain Injury. Int J Neurorehabilitation 1:115. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000115
Copyright: © 2014 McDonnell E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a significant and debilitating issue further complicating recovery after brain injury. This review is meant to be an overview of PTE following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Beginning with an introduction into the epidemiology of PTE following TBI, the paper goes on to explain the classifications of seizures and what defines posttraumatic epilepsy as well as the risks associated with the development of PTE after TBI. The biological basis of PTE is explained using both past and current research, assisting in understanding the past and current treatment options. This review concludes with a discussion of future research directions in order to improve upon the dearth of knowledge in this area and further build and establish well utilized treatment options.