Post War Psychological Morbidity among Internally Displaced, Married Females in Northern Sri LankaDon Shashika Ransara Attidiya1*, Aravinda Wickramasinghe2, Achala Balasuriya3, Dileepa Ediriweera4, Sahayapragash Manuelpillai1 and Shehan Williams4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Don Shashika Ransara Attidiya
Mental Health Unit- District General Hospital
Mannar (Former), University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 28, 2016; Accepted date: August 20, 2016; Published date: August 22, 2016
Citation: Attidiya DSR, Wickramasinghe A, Balasuriya A, Ediriweera D, Manuelpillai S, et al. (2016) Post War Psychological Morbidity among Internally Displaced, Married Females in Northern Sri Lanka. J Trauma Treat 5: 327. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.1000327
Copyright: © 2016 Attidiya DSR. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: A three-decade long conflict between the government military and Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka ended in 2009 with the defeat of the rebels. The civilians were the most affected in the war with reports of scant respect for human rights on both sides of the warring factions. Objective: To conduct a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among married females in two villages in Northern Sri Lanka that was affected significantly in the last phase of the war. Method: All married females in two resettled villages in the Mannar District were interviewed by trained data collectors using the translated K-10 and PSSR-17 questionnaires to estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive disorder. All families in these villages were from internally displaced camps where they had been living for more than a year after having been displaced from their homes and having experienced direct war trauma for weeks. Data was collected from 135 married females between March to May 2011 with ethical approval for the study. Result: Criteria for diagnosis of severe PTSD were met in 57% of all participants and all participants had at least mild symptoms of PTSD. The screening tool for depression showed 63% to have significant depressive symptoms. Both depressive and severe PTSD features were present in 24%. Nearly 73% of participants were having either depression or severe PTSD. Conclusion: Psychiatric morbidity was high in the post-conflict period, in a highly vulnerable population of married females.