alexa Potential Nutrigenomic Approaches to Reduce the High In
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

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Review Article

Potential Nutrigenomic Approaches to Reduce the High Incidence of Obesity in Qatar

Soldati L1, Tomei S2, Wang E2, Kerkadi A3, El-Obeid T3, Amuna P4, Chouchane L5 and Terranegra A2*

1Department of Health Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy

2Division of Translational Medicine, Sidra Medical and Research Center, Doha, Qatar

3Department of Health Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar

4epartment of Research, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

5Laboratory of Genetic Medicine and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College - Qatar

*Corresponding Author:
Terranegra A
Translational Medicine Department
Sidra Medical and Research Center
Out-Patient Clinic, PO Box 26999
Al Luqta Street, Education City North Campus
Qatar Foundation
Tel: 97440037396, 97474793526
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: Jan 19, 2016; Accepted Date: Feb 24, 2016; Published Date: March 04, 2016

Citation: Soldati L, Tomei S, Wang E, Kerkadi A, ElObeid T, et al. (2016) Potential Nutrigenomic Approaches to Reduce the High Incidence of Obesity in Qatar. J Nutr Food Sci 6:472. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000472

Copyright: © 2016 Soldati L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Obesity prevalence has been growing exponentially over the last few decades, with a high impact in high-income countries, like Qatar. Several approaches are attempting to understand the causes of this phenomenon however more important is what to do to reverse the trends. Obesity is widely studied, mostly in Europe and the Unites States, and a number of studies have demonstrate the role of specific gene patterns, transcriptome and proteome pathways, and gut microbiome strains. The Omics sciences have a great potential to investigate the determinants of non-communicable diseases, such as obesity. Nutritional genomics sciences apply all the Omics approaches to address nutrition-related diseases, investigating the interaction between genes and diet. To date, few data are available from nutrigenomic studies conducted in Middle East and particularly in Qatar to help the design of targeted interventions. The high incidence of obesity and the peculiar genetic make-up of the Qatari population provide opportunities for exploring nutrigenomic approaches to help addressing the problem.

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