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Research Article

POTENTIAL OF PROSOPIS CHILENSIS (MOLINA) STUNTZ AS A NON-CONVENTIONAL ANIMAL FEED IN THE DRY LANDS OF SUDAN

Mohamed Abdalla,1 Izeldin Babiker,2 Jehan Al-Brahim3, Afrah Mohammed3, Maha El-Kordufani4 and Mudawi Elobeid5,*
  1. Organic Farming Project, GIZ, P.O. Box 2730, 11461 Riyadh – Saudi Arabia
  2. Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zalingei, P.O. Box 06, Zalengei – Sudan
  3. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Princess Nora bent Abdul-Rahman University, Postal Code 11474, Riyadh – Saudi Arabia
  4. Departments of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, Khartoum – Sudan.
  5. 5Department of Silviculture, Faculty of forestry, University of Khartoum, Khartoum north, Postal Code 13314, P.O Box 32, Shambat – Sudan
Corresponding Author: E-mail: [email protected]
 

Abstract

Animal grazing is considered an important economic practice in the developing countries, which goes hand-in-hand with agriculture. Both activities are largely dependent on climatic conditions. Under severe drought conditions, water required for maintaining agriculture and pasture lands becomes too scarce and hence constitutes the most limiting factor which directly affects the productivity for both agriculture and grazing lands. Under normal conditions, animal grazers utilize grass lands and pastures to avail fodder for their animals. However, due to the increasing number of grazing animals coupled with the deteriorating grazing capacity of the range lands, forest trees are often viewed as a good alternative for providing fodder to sustain livestock production. In the present study, the nutritional value for fruits of Prosopis chilensis (seeds and pods) at the lower Atbara river basin in north-eastern Sudan was investigated. The purpose of this study is to assess the nutritional features and potential of Prosopis chilensis fruits as an alternative fodder for livestock in the area. Field samples of fruits were collected each sample was kept separately in a small cloth kit. Chemical analysis of fruit samples was conducted to quantify the content of various nutritional attributes including: the crude protein, crude fibers, fats, starch, ash, and moisture content in addition to some minerals namely; P, Ca, Mg, Na, Cu and Fe. Chemical analysis revealed that CP was 18.61%, CF reached 13.40%, the starch content 15.14%, fat 2.06%, and ash content 7.50% .These values obviously point to the high nutritional values of Prosopis chilensis fruits. Mineral contents analysis also exhibited good amounts of Na and Ca required by livestock for adequate growth. Based on the present findings, it might be possible to assign Prosopis chilensis as a good alternative for provision of animal fodder to livestock, particularly when grazing conditions are far below the optimum. Further detailed studies on the capacity of Prosopis chilensis to provide animal fodder are needed.

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