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ISSN: 2572-0813

Journal of Nanosciences: Current Research
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  • Research Article   
  • J Nanosci Curr Res 2017, Vol 2(3): 116
  • DOI: 10.4172/2572-0813.1000116

Potentiostatic Co-deposition of Nickel and Graphite Using a Composite Counter Electrode

Bolaji Aremo1*, Adeoye MO1 and Obioh IB2
1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2Centre for Energy Research and Development, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Bolaji Aremo, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, Tel: +234 8035024243, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 20, 2017 / Accepted Date: Dec 22, 2017 / Published Date: Dec 29, 2017

Abstract

Nickel and graphite was potentiostatically co-deposited using a composite nickel-graphite composite counter electrode (CCE) with tunable-friability. This was done to achieve steady introduction of graphite into the electrolyte without intermittent mechanical infusion and stirring, thus facilitating a potentiostatic deposition route and promoting homogeneity of deposition. Graphite electrodes were produced at densities of 0.920, 1.026 and 1.188 g/cm3 and their suitability for constitution in a HCE assessed. The surface area of the nickel component of the HCE was varied from 100% to about 60 and 30% surface area and combined with the graphite electrode to form HCE constitutions designated as triplet, doublet and singlet respectively. Deposition was done for about 8 hours in 1 M NiSO4 using the different HCE constitutions, an Ag/AgCl reference electrode and a custom deposition head which served as the working electrode. The mechanism of graphite electrode unraveling was observed to be the formation of oxygen and CO2 due to oxidation reactions at the HCE. Graphite electrode of density 0.920 g/cm3 was selected for the HCE due to its extensive surface porosity, a characteristic determined as favourable to the mechanism of electrode unraveling. Co-deposition of graphite with nickel was observed to increase as nickel surface area was reduced from the triplet to singlet. SEM micrographs show partially and fully embedded graphite particles in the nickel matrix while the presence of nickel and graphite was affirmed.

Keywords: Electrodeposition; Nickel; Graphite; Optical microscopy

Citation: Aremo B, Adeoye MO, Obioh IB (2017) Potentiostatic Co-deposition of Nickel and Graphite Using a Composite Counter Electrode. J Nanosci Curr Res 2: 116. Doi: 10.4172/2572-0813.1000116

Copyright: © 2017 Aremo B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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