Preservation and Conservation of Rural Buildings as a Subject of Cultural Tourism: A Review Concerning the Application of New Technologies and MethodologiesCano M1*, Garzón E1 and Sánchez-Soto PJ2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Cano M
Department of Rural Engineering
University of Almería, Spain
Tel: +34 950 01 55 29
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 08, 2013; Accepted Date: August 29, 2013; Published Date: September 03, 2013
Citation: Cano M, Garzón E, Sánchez-Soto PJ (2013) Preservation and Conservation of Rural Buildings as a Subject of Cultural Tourism: A Review Concerning the Application of New Technologies and Methodologies. J Tourism Hospit 2:115. doi: 10.4172/2167-0269.1000115
Copyright: © 2013 Cano M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The cataloguing and promotion of rural architecture contribute to creating jobs by stimulating new economic activity, such as the promotion of cultural tourism, while preserving a valuable source of information on rural culture, recovering local construction techniques, encouraging a sense of community, and making villages and rural areas more attractive to visitors.The general aim of the present Review is to analyse agricultural and rural buildings and their properties in order to identify key issues concerning sustainable reutilisation in tourism.
It is intended to Almeria province (Andalucía, Spain) a more complete sustainable tourism development framework to satisfy all the demands, from sun and beach at the coast as well as alternative tourism at the interior, based on the protection and the valuable re-utilization of popular rural architectural heritage with potential interest for tourism purposes. Thus, a catalogue of traditional rural buildings in a particular area was carried out, identifying and characterizing each one, establishing criteria for a dynamic and rational selection.
The modelling of the lifecycle for the architectural project carried out, for the reuse of rural heritage, as a way of stimulating the tourism sector, is based on methods and risk analysis (statistical methods) and multicriteria analysis that allow the reduction in the subjectivity of the deterioration models carried out. Through the application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), as a weighing method, a linear, weighting and additive model that combines all of the factors in one unique global assessment can be obtained, for which values have been assigned to the coefficients of the linear expression that reflect the relative importance of each factor.