Practice and Determinants of Solid Waste Collection: The Case of Private Collectors in Five Ethiopian CitiesAbdulkerim Ahmed Mohammed1* and Meine Pieter van Dijk2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohammed AA
Tilburg University, TiSEM
3 5000 LE Tilburg, P.O. Box 9015
Tel: + 00251925260650
Fax: + 00251925260650
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 14, 2017; Accepted Date: May 27, 2017; Published Date: June 03, 2017
Citation: Mohammed AA, van Dijk MP (2017) Practice and Determinants of Solid Waste Collection: The Case of Private Collectors in Five Ethiopian Cities. Int J Waste Resour 7: 280. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000280
Copyright: © 2017 Mohammed AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Forty private companies involved in solid waste collection (SWC) in five Ethiopian cities were studied to identify key factors affecting their service performance. Investments, operational management capability and regulation are the factors investigated. The major determinants of SWC according to a regression analysis are number and carrying capacity of vehicles, distance from disposal sites and (unobserved) city characteristics. Route planning and a more flexible contract substantially increase collection. Investments in SWC depend on access to capital by the private companies. Different experiences of regulation (scope of contract) on SWC have been noticed. Service contract arrangements are impediments in Mekelle. While, service zoning allows competition in Addis Ababa, Hawasa and Bahir Dar. Rectifying the challenging nature of the contracts for private sector involvement (PSI) in SWC is vital so that the cities with large heaps of solid waste left uncollected become clean. The study findings suggest that for a number of reasons the Ethiopian government needs to entrust private companies with opportunities for more meaningful and sustainable involvement in SWC. We recommend that the contract shall also have conditions concerning sustainability.