alexa Prediction of Biological Profile from Foot Dimensions:
ISSN: 2157-7145

Journal of Forensic Research
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Review Article

Prediction of Biological Profile from Foot Dimensions: Could Body Weight and Arch Height Affect Accuracy?

Abdullahi Suleiman Gwani1*, Adamu Ahmad Adamu2, Abubakar Tijjani Salihu3 and Adamu Ahmad Rufa’i4

1College of Medical Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria

2Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, Nigeria

3Hasiya Bayero Paediatric Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

4College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State. Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Abdullahi Suleiman Gwani
Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medical Sciences
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, PMB 0248.
Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria
Tel: +2348139796989
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 02, 2017; Accepted date: April 05, 2017; Published date: April 08, 2017

Citation: Gwani AS, Adamu AA, Salihu AT, Rufa’i AA (2017) Prediction of Biological Profile from Foot Dimensions: Could Body Weight and Arch Height Affect Accuracy? J Forensic Res 8:375. doi: 10.4172/2157-7145.1000375

Copyright: © 2017 Gwani AS, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The study of human foot and its impressions has countless implications in medico-legal practice. The foot and its impressions are unique to an individual and its dimensions are known to be reliable in the prediction of biological profile. A significant number of regression equations for the prediction of biological profile are derived from foot dimensions in weight bearing living subjects. With respect to the weight applied to the foot, arches of the foot are able to deform and reverse to normal alignment, changing the shape and size of the foot. Deformities of those arches are capable of affecting the foot dimensions as well. However, from a forensic perspective, there is a paucity of literature discussing the effect of body weight and arch height on foot dimensions or their effect on the accuracy of biological profile prediction. This article, therefore, briefly discusses the forensic implication of the foot and the effect of body weight and arch height on the accuracy of the regression equations derived from weight bearing subject as well as subjects with arch deformities.


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