Predictor of cardiovascular disease with respect to BMI, WHR and lipid profile in females of three population groups
The present study focused on females of three population groups namely Bishnoi, Sikh and Hindu from two Northern states of India (Punjab and Rajasthan) with the primary objectives (i) to describe the basic design for regression relationship and correlation between the phenotypes of blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and metabolic variables and (ii) to compare the three population groups and find out the significant predicators for cardiovascular disease. A total of 310 females were recruited from the three population groups. All the anthropometric and physiometric measurements were taken on each individual using standard technique. Females of Hindu population were at a higher risk, Sikh at a moderate and Bishnoi at lower risk in case of comparison with respect to BMI, weight, waist circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and Cho-HDL ratio. Since waist circumference is a measure of android obesity, it is found to be a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease across all the three populations. Physical inactivity, on the other hand, demonstrated a strong association with the elevation of cardiovascular disease risk. It can now be concluded that cardiovascular disease in females should not be taken casually, rather cardiovascular disease risk factors should be addressed much earlier than menopause.