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International Journal of Public Health and Safety
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  • Research Article   
  • Int J Pub Health Safe 2017, Vol 2(4): 142

Predictors and Vaccination Status of Nurses against Hepatitis B Virus at Public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Yimer Seid Yimer1*, Mensur Shafi Mohammed2, Kedija Muzeyin Muhammed3 and Yosief Tsige4
1Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
2Department of Pharmacology, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3Department of Nursing, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
4Department of Nursing, School of Allied Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Yimer Seid Yimer, Lecturer, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, Tel: +251911730505, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Dec 18, 2017 / Accepted Date: Dec 24, 2017 / Published Date: Dec 29, 2017

Abstract

Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of acquiring hepatitis B infection due to occupational exposure. A range of measures can contribute to reduce HBV transmission to HCWs. There is effective vaccine against hepatitis B infection throughout the world. However, many Nurses in resource poor countries remain at risk because they are not vaccinated against hepatitis B Virus (HBV). Therefore, this study is aimed to assess predictors and vaccination status of Nurses against HBV in Addis Ababa.

Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Nurses working in public hospitals in Addis Ababa from March to April 2015. A total of 272 Nurses were included in the study. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaire. Binary logistic regression technique was used to identify important predictors.

Results: Among the study participants only 67 (24.4%) were vaccinated at least once in their life time. Out of those respondents who were vaccinated, only 35.8% were fully vaccinated. More than half of study participants (51.8%) had poor knowledge about hepatitis B vaccine. Nurses who earn 148-183 $USD was less likely to be vaccinated against HBV. Nurse with history of needle and sharp injuries were 7.78 times more likely to be vaccinated against HBV when compared to those without history of needle and sharp injury. Knowledgeable Nurses about HBV vaccination were 6.3 times vaccinated against HBV when compared to those with poor level of knowledge.

Conclusion: This study determined a low level of HBV vaccination status of Nurses in Ethiopia, which implies higher risk of Nurses to be infected by hepatitis B virus. Monthly income, history of exposure to needle and sharp injury, and level of knowledge towards hepatitis B vaccination were the most important predictors of vaccination status. Each concerned body should give special attention to make available/accessible the vaccine for all professional Nurses.

Keywords: HBV vaccination; Nurses vaccination status; Addis Ababa public hospital nurses

Citation: Yimer YS, Mohammed MS, Muhammed KM, Tsige Y (2017) Predictors and Vaccination Status of Nurses against Hepatitis B Virus at Public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Int J Pub Health Safe 2: 142.

Copyright: ©2017 Yimer YS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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