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Research Article

Predictors of Length of Stay in an Acute Psychiatric Hospital

Muaid H Ithman, Ganesh Gopalakrishna*, Niels C Beck, Jairam Das and Gregory Petroski
University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA
Corresponding Author : Ganesh Gopalakrishna
Assistant Professor
University of Missouri-Columbia
Columbia, Missouri, USA
Tel: 573-882-8006
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 09, 2013; Accepted March 01, 2014; Published March 03, 2014
Citation: Ithman MH, Goplarkrishna G,Beck NC, Das J, Petroski G (2014) Predictors of Length of Stay in an Acute Psychiatric Hospital. J Biosafety Health Educ 2:119. doi:10.4172/2332-0893.1000119
Copyright: © 2014 Ithman MH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Length of stay (LOS) in acute psychiatric hospitals has been heightened in recent years with the current economic climate and a growing realization that health care costs need to be contained. This study was designed to identify predictors of LOS which are available at the time of admission. Charts of 391 admissions to an acute psychiatric hospital were reviewed on the basis of a pre-constructed checklist. Regression modeling with the natural logarithm of LOS as the dependent variable was used to identify a multivariate model for LOS. Age, marital status, involuntary admission and diagnosis of an affective disorder or a psychotic disorder were shown to be independent variables that predicted length of stay. These variables in a multivariate model accounted for approximately 19% of the variance in LOS.

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