alexa Predisposing Factors of Community Acquired Pneumonia in Under-Five Children | OMICS International| Abstract

ISSN: 2472-1018

Journal of Lung Diseases & Treatment

  • Research Article   
  • Lung Dis Treat 2015, Vol 1(1): 1
  • DOI: 10.4172/2472-1018.1000101

Predisposing Factors of Community Acquired Pneumonia in Under-Five Children

Preeti Srivastava, Asit Kumar Mishra* and Ashish Kumar Roy
Department of Paediatrics, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, India
*Corresponding Author : Asit Kumar Mishra, Department of Paediatrics, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, India, Tel: 9204657193, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 26, 2015 / Accepted Date: Dec 13, 2015 / Published Date: Dec 20, 2015

Abstract

Objective: Pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in under five children in developing countries. Hence, the present study was undertaken to identify the various predisposing factors for pneumonia in children aged 1 month to 5 years.
Methods: Sixty pneumonia cases fulfilling the inclusion criteria, in the age group of 1 month to 5 years were interrogated for potential predisposing factors as per a predesigned proforma. Sixty healthy control children in the same age group were also interrogated.
Results: The significant predisposing factors for pneumonia were overcrowding (p value < 0.001), lack of exclusive breastfeeding for first 6 months in babies less than 1 year old (p value < 0.05), incomplete immunization for age (p value < 0.001) and malnutrition (p value < 0.001). On logistic regression analysis, overcrowding and malnutrition were significant independent risk factors.
Conclusion: The present study has identified many demographic, nutritional and environmental pre-disposing factors for pneumonia which can be tackled by effective health education of the community and appropriate initiatives taken by the government.

Keywords: Pneumonia; Breastfeeding; Immunization; Overcrowding; Malnutrition

Citation: Srivastava P, Mishra AK, Roy AK (2015) Predisposing Factors of Community Acquired Pneumonia in Under-Five Children. Lung Dis Treat 1: 101. Doi: 10.4172/2472-1018.1000101

Copyright: © 2015 Srivastava P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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