alexa Preferences in the Aesthetic Appearance of the Female External Genitalia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1173

Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Preferences in the Aesthetic Appearance of the Female External Genitalia

Christopher J Salgado1*, Lydia A Fein MD MPH2, Renee Gasgarth1, Priscila Sanchez3, Dalila Lo Bue1, Brian A Crosland4, Ashley Taggart BS5, Madison Rumbaut1 and Ajani Nugent1

1Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, USA

2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA

3Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA

4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, USA

5University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Christopher J. Salgado
MD, Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery
1120 NW 14th St, Clinical Research Building 4th floor
Miami, Florida 33136, USA
Tel: 305-243-4500
Fax: 305-243-4535
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 08 2016; Accepted Date: February 10, 2016; Published Date: February 17, 2016

Citation: Christopher JS, Lydia AF, Renee G, Priscila S, Dalila LB, et al. (2016) Preferences in the Aesthetic Appearance of the Female External Genitalia. Anaplastology 5:156. doi:10.4172/2161-1173.1000156

Copyright: © 2016 Christopher JS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: In recent years, women have become more dissatisfied with the appearance of their labia minora, in particular their width, shape, and symmetry, prompting increased requests for labiaplasty. This has been attributed to the popular depiction of female genitalia in media outlets as homogenously hairless, symmetrical, and without protruding labia minora. Over-reduction of labia minora, although requested by patients, should not be performed due to their physiologic importance.
Methods: We designed a survey to better understand preferences for the aesthetic appearance of female external genitalia. Survey Monkey was used to distribute an online questionnaire to a convenience sample of authors’ contacts. Respondents were asked to refer to three images of female external genitalia-varying in labia minora width but all still physiologically normal-and select the image that they felt to be most normal and most attractive, respectively. Pearson’s chi square test with significance level of 5% was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Overall 95.8% (767/800) selected non-visible or slightly visible labia as the most “normal” variants, and 96.6% (773/800) selected either A or B for the most “attractive” variants of labia minora. Respondents selected images most consistent with popular culture depictions of genitalia, which seem to be driving genital plastic surgery requests.
Given these findings, we recommend a discussion with patients about preferences and a belief regarding what is truly normal and encourages more wide spread media visibility and education about normal physiologic variability in female external genitalia.


Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7