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Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology
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Research Article

Preparation and Characterization of Silica Nanoparticles by Wet Mechanical Attrition of White and Yellow Sand

Magda A Akl1*, Hesham F Aly2, Hesham M A Soliman3, Aref M. E. Abd ElRahman3 and Ahmed I. Abd-Elhamid3

1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

2Hot Laboratories Center, Atomic Energy Authority,13759, Egypt

3Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute, City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Borg El arab, P. O. Box 21934, Alexandria, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Magda A Akl
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science
Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Tel: 20-5022-42388
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 08, 2013; Accepted Date: November 28, 2013; Published Date: November 30, 2013

Citation: Akl MA, Aly HF, Soliman HMA, Aref ME, ElRahman A, et al. (2013) Preparation and Characterization of Silica Nanoparticles by Wet Mechanical Attrition of White and Yellow Sand. J Nanomed Nanotechnol 4:183. doi:

Copyright: © 2013 Akl MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Mechanical alloying is a simple and useful processing technique that is now being employed in the production of nanocrystals and/or nanoparticles from all material classes. In the present work, preparation of silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) by wet mechanical attrition of white and yellow sand using a lab scaled ball mill was investigated. The different experimental parameters affecting the milling process were thoroughly studied such as the milling period, water volume and the initial size of sand particles. Analysis of the results obtained revealed that SiO2 NPs with particle size 22-33 nm and 38-48 nm could successfully be prepared from original white and yellow sand, respectively. The optimum experimental parameters to obtain these SiO2 NPs are 25 g original sand particle, 50 ml water, 113 g media weight and 8 hr milling period at 400 rpm mill speed. The SiO2 NPs obtained were characterized by SEM, XRD, EDS and FTIR. The results obtained showed high homogeneity of the produced spherical SiO2 NPs. These SiO2 NPs have good potentials for use in industry such as their use as additive materials in ultrahigh performance concrete for the next development. Based on economic value, the produced SiO2 NPs have excellent potential to be developed.

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