Presence of Sjogren's Syndrome in Dry Eye Patients
- *Corresponding Author:
- Emrah Kan
Department of Ophthalmology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital
Samsun, 55200, Turkey, 55090
Tel: +90(362) 311 1500
Fax: +90(362) 277 88 65
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 10, 2014; Accepted Date: Jun 27, 2014; Published Date: Jun 30, 2014
Citation: Kan E, Demirag MD, Beyazyildiz E (2014) Presence of Sjögren’s Syndrome in Dry Eye Patients. Rheumatology (Sunnyvale) 4:137. doi: 10.4172/2161-1149.1000137
Copyright: © 2014 Kan E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: To evaluate the prevalence of Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) in patients with dry eye syndrome. Methods: In this prospective study, patients with dry eye syndrome were evaluated by a single rheumatologist and patients were considered for an underlying rheumatic condition. Results: Fourty five patients with dry eye syndrome were evaluated. 37 patient was female (82.2%) and 8 was male (17.8%).The mean age was 45,5 ± 10.4. years (18-64). A total of 21 (46.7%) patients had an associated rheumatic disease; the most common being primary SS (14 patients, 66.6%). Other diseases that were associated included scleroderma (5 patients, 23.8%) and undifferentiated connective tissue disease (2 patients, 9.52%). Conclusions: Our results demonstrate a high frequency of associated SS in a group of patients with dry eye syndrome. We suggest that laboratory evaluation with patient’s clinical presentation as well as a detailed review of systems should be performed in all dry eye patients. Primary SS should be considered as a systemic autoimmune disease underlying beyond sicca involvement.