Prevalence, Aetiology and Outcome of Status Epilepticus in Children with Convulsions at the Wesley Guild Hospital, IlesaOlubosede OA1*, Oseni SBA2, Aladekomo TA2, Adegoke SA2, Kuti BP2, Ogundare OE3, Bello EO1, Jegede CT4 and Salau QO4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Olubosede OA
State Hospital Akure Ondo State, Nigeria
Tel: 234 706 964 7973
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 23, 2016; Accepted date: November 07, 2016; Published date: November 15, 2016
Citation: Olubosede OA, Oseni SBA, Aladekomo TA, Adegoke SA, Kuti BP, et al. (2017) Prevalence, Aetiology and Outcome of Status Epilepticus in Children with Convulsions at the Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa. J Pediatr Neurol Med 2:116. doi:10.4172/2472-100X.1000116
Copyright: © 2016 Olubosede OA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Status epilepticus (SE) in childhood is a life threatening condition with serious risk of neurological sequelae and constitutes a medical emergency. The aim of this study is to provide data on the prevalence, aetiology and outcome of status epilepticus in children at the Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, South-West Nigeria. We prospectively studied all the 276 children who were admitted with convulsion over a period of seven months, out of which 39 (14.1%) had status epilepticus. The cause of status epilepticus in 82.1% of the patients was cerebral malaria; other causes were febrile convulsion, meningitis, seizure disorders and head injury. The mortality and morbidity (neurologic sequelae at discharge) in this study were 23.1% and 33.3%, respectively. Mortality and morbidity were significantly higher in children who had status epilepticus compared to those who convulsed but did not have status. (χ2=33.773, df=1, p<0.001), (χ2=43.991, df=1, p<0.001). In conclusion, morbidity and mortality of SE is high and control of malaria will most likely reduce the prevalence and improve the outcome of SE in this environment.