Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bee Lice in Holeta and its Suroundings, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sefinew Alemu
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Gondar
P.O. Box 196
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 14, 2012; Accepted date: January 17, 2013; Published date: January 19, 2013
Citation: Gemechu G, Alemu S, Bezabeh A, Berhan M (2013) Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bee Lice in Holeta and its Suroundings, Ethiopia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 4:130. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000130
Copyright: © 2013 Gemechu G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A cross sectional study was carried out to determine prevalence of bee lice, and to find out associated risk factors in Holeta and its surroundings, West-Shoa zone of Oromia region. Of 385 bee colonies examined, overall prevalence of 42% lice infestation was observed. The highest prevalence (70.8%) of bee lice was observed in Gemechis, followed by Holeta (50%), while the lowest prevalence (17.1%) was observed in Jaldu. Prevalence of lice observed in bees kept in apiary management system (50.4%) had statistically significant difference (P<0.05) to those bees kept in backyard (37.9%). Higher prevalence of bee lice observed in medium altitude areas (50.4%), was not statistically significant (P>0.05) to that of highland areas (40.4%). In conclusion, different level of prevalence of bee lice was observed among the different study sites, between medium land and high altitude areas, between apiary and backyard management system, and between types of hives. Therefore, bee keepers should be informed
regarding factors affecting occurrence of bee lice, including altitude, management system, and type of hives to control bee lice in their hives. Further study on the distribution and magnitude, and financial impact of bee lice was suggested.