Prevalence and Characteristic of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Subjects with High Blood Pressure: A Pilot Study in Vietnam
Sy Duong-Quy1,2,3*, Dung Tran-Phi3, L Nguyen-Thi-Hong4, Tram Tang-Thi-Thao3, Duong Ho-Viet-Thuy3, Thi Phan-Thi-Uyen3, Dinh Tran-Thanh3, Trung Tran-Ngoc3, Khiet Le-Quang3, Bao Nguyen-Quoc3, Nhu Doan-Thi-Quynh3 and Timothy John Craig2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Duong-Quy S
Department of Cardio-Respiratory
Diseases, Cochin Hospital
Paris Descartes University, France
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 07, 2016; Accepted Date: June 15, 2016; Published Date: June 22, 2016
Citation: Duong-Quy S, John Craig T, Tran-Phi D, Thi-Thao-Tram T, Ho-Viet-Thuy D, et al. (2016) Prevalence and Characteristic of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Subjects with High Blood Pressure: A Pilot Study in Vietnam. J Vasc Med Surg 4:273. doi:10.4172/2329-6925.1000273
Copyright: © 2016 Duong-Quy S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
HBP), increasing the risk of mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular events. Therefore, early diagnosis of OSA, especially severe OSA, in patients with HBP is optimal. Objectives: This study was planned to evaluate the prevalence of OSA in Vietmanese subjects with newly diagnosed HBP, and to describe its clinical, biological, and polysomnography (PSG) characteristics. Method: This was a cross-sectional study including subjects with newly diagnosed HPB without other associated severe diseases. PSG with Alice PDx device had been performed for each study subject. All anthropological, clinical, biochemical characteristics and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) had been recorded for analyzing. Results: 186 subjects with HBP had been enrolled and studied with PSG. The results were 34 subjects were without OSA (18%; 56 ± 7 years), 28 had mild OSA (15%; 58 ± 12 years), 79 had moderate OSA (43%; 59 ± 14), and 45 had severe OSA (24%; 61 ± 13 years). Suggested findings of OSA patients were snoring at night, hypertriglyceridemia, and large abdominal perimeter. There were significant correlations between these findings and AHI in OSA patients (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001). Conclusion: The prevalence of OSA in subjects with systemic HBP is high. The findings of snoring at night, large abdominal girth and hypertriglyceridemia suggest that PSG is warranted. Early diagnosis of OSA in patients with HBP may decrease morbidity and mortality.