Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Disorders among People Living with HIV/AIDS, in North Central Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shittu RO
Consultant Family Physician, Department of Family Medicine
Kwara State Specialist Hospital, Sobi
Ilorin and The Chief Medical Director
Oorelope Hospital, KM 8, Apata Yakuba
Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 03, 2013; Accepted Date: September 30, 2013; Published Date: October 12, 2013
Citation: Shittu RO, Issa BA, Olanrewaju GT, Mahmoud AO, Odeigah LO, et al. (2013) Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Disorders among People Living with HIV/AIDS, in North Central Nigeria. J AIDS Clin Res 4:251. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000251
Copyright: © 2013 Shittu RO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Depressive disorders are a significant public health issue. They are prevalent, disabling, and often chronic, with a high economic burden to the society. Although depression is common, determining its prevalence across studies and within different segments of the HIV population is not easy, given the variety of methodological issues that warrant consideration. This study estimates the prevalence of depressive disorders and its correlates.
Objectives: The study sought to determine the prevalence of depression among adults, HIV/AIDS respondents, attending HIV/AIDS clinic in Kwara State specialist Hospital, Sobi, Ilorin, Nigeria.
Methods: This was a hospital based, cross sectional, descriptive study of three hundred adult HIV/AIDS patients attending the HIV clinic of Kwara State specialist hospital, Sobi, Ilorin from 1st of March to 30th July, 2013. Informed consent was obtained from the respondents. The PHQ-9 was administered to the respondents to screen for depression. A pre-tested PHQ-9 questionnaire was used to collect data. Subject who scored one and more were assessed clinically for depression. The severity of the depression was further classified as minimal, mild, moderate and severe. The three keys of social determinants of depression (SDS) were assessed and the association with depression sought. Results: One hundred and seventy (56.7%) satisfied the criteria for a depressive disorder using the PHQ-9 score. Depressive symptoms were strongly related to gender, below average year of schooling, poor economic status, low social cohesion, and stressful life events.
Conclusion: Clinicians should assess HIV-infected subjects for depression, to ensure early detection and treatment. Failure to recognize depression may endanger both the subjects and others in the community. This result calls for improved public health education and awareness programme, to highlight the health impact of depressive symptoms among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).