Prevalence and Factors Influencing Diabetic Foot Ulcer among Diabetic Patients Attending Arbaminch Hospital, South EthiopiaBedilu Deribe1*, Kifle Woldemichael2 and Gugsa Nemera1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bedilu Deribe
Department of Nursing, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date November 11, 2013; Accepted date December 29, 2013; Published date January 05, 2014
Citation: Deribe B, Woldemichael K, Nemera G (2014) Prevalence and Factors Influencing Diabetic Foot Ulcer among Diabetic Patients Attending Arbaminch Hospital, South Ethiopia. J Diabetes Metab 5:322. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000322
Copyright: © 2014 Deribe B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the long standing complications of diabetic mellitus with the life time risk up to 25%. In Africa in general, particularly in Ethiopia, there are limited epidemiological studies related to diabetic foot ulcer.
Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess prevalence and factors influencing diabetic foot ulcer among diabetic patients attending Arbaminch hospital.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 216 diabetic clients attending Arbaminch hospital from Feb10, 2013 to April 10, 2013. Subjects were identified using simple random sampling and data was collected by four trained diploma level nurses using interviewer administered questioner, record review check list and observation check lists. The data was coded and entered to Epidata version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 16.0 for analysis. Descriptive analysis was done for sociodemographic variables, diabetic knowledge, diabetes self care practice and attitude and clinical factors. Binary logistic regression analysis was also done to identify independent factors associated with diabetic foot ulcer and significant factors was declared at p<0.05 with 95% confidence interval. Finally data was presented with explanatory statements, tables and graphs.
Result: All of the study subjects were interviewed which gives 100% response rate with the mean ± SD age of 50.72 ± 13.39 years. Out of the total 216 study subjects , about 32(14.8%) has diabetic foot ulcer, 129(59.7%) were male, 61(28.2%) from rural, 132(61.11%) were overweight, 97(44.5%) have poor diabetic foot self care practice and 80(37%) of them have secondary education. rural residence (AOR=4.074, 95% CI 1.262-13.151), absence of co-morbidity (AOR=0.611, 95% CI 0.131-0.955), mean arterial blood pressure greater than 90(AOR=5.113, 95% CI 1.285-20.347), duration of diabetes for more than 10years (AOR=8.452, 95% CI 2.365-30.994), are independent factor associated with DFU.
Conclusions and recommendations: Significant proportion of patients with diabetes developed diabetic foot ulcer. Rural residence; presence of co-morbidity; duration of diabetes, mean arterial blood pressure and occupation are factors associated with diabetic foot ulcer. In addition to regular diabetic care emphasis should be given on enhancing diabetic patient’s knowledge of self care practice and regular diabetic foot evaluation