Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Maternal Mortality in Mizan-Aman Hospital, Bench Maji, Southwest EthiopiaJelkeba Bali Weyesa1, Andualem Henok Tadesse2*, Tadele Yadessa Eba3, Mulugeta kuma Minta3, Hassabe Tuji Gudu3 and Yitbarek Tesfaw Mehirte3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Andualem Henok Tadesse
Masters of public health, Department of public health
College of health sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected] com
Received date: September 22, 2015; Accepted date: September 24, 2015; Published date: October 01, 2015
Citation: Weyesa JB, Tadesse AH, Eba TY, Minta MK, Gudu HT, et al. (2015) Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Maternal Mortality in Mizan-Aman Hospital, Bench Maji, Southwest Ethiopia. J Women’s Health Care 4:274. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000274
Copyright: © 2015 Weyesa JB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: All pregnant women are at risk of obstetric complications and most of these complications occur during labor delivery and in the immediate postpartum period that leads to maternal death. Greater proportion of all maternal deaths results from five major complications: hemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and obstructed labor that all accounts for more than 70%. The maternal mortality ratio in Ethiopia is estimated to be more than 676 deaths per 100,000 live births and included in African countries with higher maternal death.
Objective: This study was conducted to determine Prevalence and risk factors associated with maternal mortality in Referral Hospital.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in Mizan-Aman General Hospital from secondary data sources of three months back in maternal health care services. The data were collected by using well-structured questionnaire from May 15 to 25, 2014. The data were entered into EpiData 3. 1 that exported to STATA 12 and SPSS 20 statistical software windows version. Discriptive analysis to determine epidemiological characteristics and inferential statistics to assess relationship of risk factors to maternal deaths were performed. Ethical clearance was separately obtained from Mizan-Tepi University Institutional review boards, Zonal health department, and additional from Referral Hospital.
Results: A total of 384 maternal cases attended delivery ward of referral Hospital from February to April 2014. The estimation of mean age was 25 ± 4. 95 years, range at 95% CI. About 13(3.39%) of cases were died from obstetrical complications. The diagnosis for mothers death was obstructed labor in 3(0.78%), Puerperal sepsis 2(0.52%),multi-pregnancy in 1(0.26%),hypertensive disorder in 1(0.26%),hemorrhage in 1(0.26%),IUFD in 1(0.26%) and by non-frequent causes in 4(1.04%). The maternal death 9(7.76%) was highest in age group from 25 to 30 years. Our study suggested that death in cases with abortion was significantly low but increased death occurred in gynecological complications. Higher frequency 61(15.89%) was observed in C-section applications for maternal cases with underlying causes. Risk of maternal death was significantly related with occupation, ethnicity, age, and religion of them but not with marital and educational status in this study. Conclusion: Many indicators showed there was unacceptably high risk of maternal death in the study area. It implied that the efforts applied to revert increasing trend in maternal death produced no effect. Strong interventional measures must be designed to successfully prevent death in reproductive age group.