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ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Abuse against Married Women in Eastern Saudi Arabia

Abdulellah Bohlaiga, Bader Al-Kakhli, Hassan Al-Mattar, Ibrahim Al-Bahrani, Kawther Al-Lowaim, Mohammed Al-Baqshi, Norah Al-Harthi, Rayan Al-Harbi, Sara Al-Moumen, Zahra Al-Hammad, Zahraa Al-Nasser and Faisal Alnasir*
Department of Family & Community Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
Corresponding Author : Faisal Alnasir
Chairman, Department of Family & Community Medicine College of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain, P O Box 26671
Tel: 00973 39464048
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 20, 2014; Accepted February 25, 2014; Published March 01, 2014
Citation: Bohlaiga A, Al-Kakhli B, Al-Mattar H, Al-Bahrani I, Al-Lowaim K et al. (2014) Prevalence and Risk Factors of Abuse against Married Women in Eastern Saudi Arabia. J Gen Pract 2:150. doi:10.4172/2329-9126.1000150
Copyright: © 2014 Alnasir F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Abstract Background: Domestic abuse against a female is considered an anomalous deportment; however it is still an obnubilated quandary. Its prevalence rate is very high reaching up to 59% in certain communities. This study was done with the main objective of ascertaining the rate of women abuse in both Al-Dammam and Al-Ahsa cities of Saudi Arabia and to explore the associated risk factors to it. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenient sample of 348 married Saudi women aged between 18 and 50 years, who have one child or more and live in the designated cities. The data were amassed by betokens of a pre-designed questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of women abuse was found to be around 19%, but reached to 33% when added to it the response of women to the abuse cognate questions. The highest rate was among women aged 40 years and older. The most mundane type of abuse was that of multiple types that accounted to 49% (which included verbal, physical and others). Vituperation accounted for 35.8% and physical, emotional, and psychological accounted for 7.5% each. Abuse was higher among lower educated couples and in families with poor economic status. Only a moiety of the abused women sought help, and most did so from their families (71%) and friends (17.8). Very few reported to the police. Conclusion: The prevalence of abuse against women is underestimated, as many women did not admit frankly being abused while they did answer abuse cognate questions. Since this type of violence affects the stability of the family and the well-being of the victim, it is recommended to establish utilize multi disciplinary programs aiming at raising the cognizance level of the society against this eccentric demeanor. Educating current and future couples and opportune training of health care providers

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