Prevalence, Awareness and Reasons for Use of Non-Opioid Analgesics among Students of College of Health Sciences, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross- Sectional Study*Corresponding Author: Mebratu Legesse Bekele, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia, Tel: +251926105896, Email: [email protected]
Received Date: Nov 22, 2018 / Accepted Date: May 15, 2019 / Published Date: May 22, 2019
Citation: Gebresilassie MG, Bekele ML (2019) Prevalence, Awareness and Reasons for Use of Non-Opioid Analgesics among Students of College of Health Sciences, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Prim Health Care 9: 329.
Copyright: © 2019 Gebresilassie MG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Drugs which are used for relieving of several kind of somatic pain are commonly known as painkillers or Analgesics. Non-opioid analgesics include acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The main aim of this study was assess the prevalence, awareness and reasons of non-opioid analgesic use among the college of health sciences students.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on students of the college of health sciences students at Mekelle University, Northern Ethiopia. A stratified sampling method was used and self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The data were entered and analyzed by the statistical package for social sciences version 16. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests were computed and then logistic regressions were run with p-value <0.05 and 95 % confidence interval.
Results: A total of 339 participants were included in the study and the response rate was 280 (82.6% among which 195 (69.6%) were males and the mean age was 21.14+2.57 years. Prevalence of non-opioid analgesic use at least once during their life-time was 42.5%; and 39.6% during the past 3 months. Among those with non-opioid analgesics use experience, acetaminophen was found to be the most used non-opioid analgesic in both life-time and current use; 162(70.43%) and 74 (32.17%) respectively. Ibuprofen was the second prevalently used among non-opioid analgesics; 28 (12.17%) in life-time and 21(9.13%) current use. The common reasons for non-opioid analgesic use were the headache (80.87%), menstrual pain (16.52%), and dental pain (14.35%. Females were more likely to use non-opioid analgesic than males in their life time and currently.
Conclusion: The prevalence of non-opioid analgesic use at least once during their life-time was high. Acetaminophen was the most commonly used non-opioid analgesic and the usual reason was headache. It is better to use specific non-opioid analgesic for specific pain by consulting health professionals.