Prevalence of Anterior Open Bite among Sample of Sudanese University Students
|Dina S Hassan1 and Amal H Abuaffan2*|
|1General Dentist, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Sudan|
|2Department of Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry University of Khartoum, Sudan|
|*Corresponding Author :||Amal H. Abuaffan
Associate Professor, Head Department of Orthodontics
Pedodontics, Preventive Dentistry University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received December 24, 2015; Accepted February 18, 2016; Published February 20, 2016|
|Citation: Hassan DS, Abuaffan AH (2016) Prevalence of Anterior Open Bite among Sample of Sudanese University Students. Enz Eng 5:142. doi:10.4172/2329-6674.1000142|
|Copyright: © 2016 Hassan, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and etiological factors of anterior open bite in the permanent dentition in a sample of Sudanese university students.
Materials and methods: A cross section study for 1224 Sudanese university students (612 males and 612 females), age ranges between 17 and 23 years old. Anterior open bite was registered when there was lack of contact between the anterior teeth while the posterior ones stayed in occlusion.
Results: The prevalence of anterior open bite among 1224 university students was 8.5% (11.77% in males and 5.23% in females). The most common etiological factor was thumb sucking habit (24.1%). Moderate anterior open bite had the highest percentage (59.6%) among the students with open bite followed by severe anterior open bite (32.7%) and the extreme anterior open bite had the lowest percentage (7.7%).
Conclusion: Prevalence of anterior open bite in this study was high 8.5%. Thumb sucking habit was the most common cause of anterior open bite among the students.