Prevalence of Bovine Cysticercosis at Jijiga Municipal Abattoir, EthiopiaWolde Akalu Biruk*
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Wolde Akalu Biruk
Ministry of Agriculture and
Rural Development, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 29, 2017; Accepted date: April 05, 2017; Published date: April 06, 2017
Citation: Biruk WA (2017) Prevalence of Bovine Cysticercosis at Jijiga Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 8: 442. doi: 10.4262/2157-7579.1000442
Copyright: © 2017 Biruk WA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study was made from November 2008 to April 2009 at the Ethiopia Somali region, Jijiga city. It was carried out with the objectives of providing base line data on the prevalence of C. bovis. A total of 400 carcasses of randomly selected bovine animals were used for the active abattoir survey. Of the 400 carcasses examined during the study period, 9 (2.25%) were infected with C. bovis. The distribution of organ infected with C. bovis were, tongue (55.5%) and heart (55.5%), shoulder muscle (33.3%), masseter muscle (22.2%), and liver (11.1%). Analysis of active abattoir survey revealed that there was no a significant difference (P>0.05) between sex and age of the animal. The viability test on all isolated cysts showed that 20% were viable. the tongue, shoulder muscle, masseter muscle and heart had the highest number of viable (60%), (60%), (50%) and (33.3%) cyst respectively. Meat inspection cannot totally prevent the consumer from being infected through row or under cocked meat/beef. Therefore, an effective control program has to include action intervening at various points of the life cycle of T. saginata. It requires an integrated approach among all stake holders: consumers, medical doctors and pharmacists, meat inspectors, veterinary practitioners and farmers.