Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis, Tsetse Density and Farmers Perceptions on the Impact of Control Program in Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Oromia, EthiopiaBedaso Kebede Kassaye1* and Dereje Tsegaye2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bedaso Kebede Kassaye
Veterinary Drug and Animal Feed Administration and Control Authority
Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 10, 2015; Accepted date: January 08, 2016; Published date: January 11, 2016
Citation: Kassaye BK, Tsegaye D (2016) Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis, Tsetse Density and Farmers Perceptions on the Impact of Control Program in Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Oromia, Ethiopia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 7:295. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000295
Copyright: © 2016 Kassaye BK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A study was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 Dale Wabera and Dale Sadi Districts of Kellem Wollega Zone of western Oromia. The objectives of the study were to assess the owners' perception on the impact of Trypanosomosis and its control, determine the prevalence of bovine Trypanosomosis and to assess the distribution and apparent densities of vectors of the Trypanosomosis. Blood samples from a total of 589 cattle randomly selected indigenous zebu cattle from 6 peasant association were taken and examined with conventional hematological and parasitological techniques. Among the total cattle examined 51(8.7%) animals were found to be positive for trypanosomosis infection. Most of trypanosome positive cases were due to Trypanosoma congolense which accounted for 86.3% and T.vivax which was 9.8%. Eventhough there were variation of infection rates within different age groups and body condition. Mean packed cell volume (PCV) of a parasitaemic animals were significantly lower than those of aparasitaemic (P<0.05). For entomological survey, a total of 100 monoconical traps were deployed in 6 PAs. The apparent density of tsetse flies caught was 4.8 fly per trap per day. A total of 105 villagers were interviewed of which 56 were from Dale Wabera and 49 from Dale Sadi Districts. Based on the interview result, trypanosomosis is the most common disease of livestock disease. About 97% of respondents knew as tsetse flies are transmitter of the disease, about 87.6% of respondents indicate that the sources of trypanocidal drugs are veterinary clinic, while the remaining was bought from private legal and illegal shops. Most of the farmers (88.6%) brought their animal to the veterinary clinic and treat them by animal health science personnel while about 7.6% of farmers were treated by themselves at home. The diminazine aceturate and Isometamidium chloride are the commonly drugs used to treat trypanosomosis.