alexa Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and Associated Factors among Adults in Kombolcha Town, Northeast Ethiopia
ISSN: 2167-1044

Journal of Depression and Anxiety
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Research Article

Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and Associated Factors among Adults in Kombolcha Town, Northeast Ethiopia

Kedir Yimam1*, Yigzaw Kebede2 and Telake Azale3
1Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Markos University, Ethiopia
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Ethiopia
3Department of Health Promotion and Communication, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Kedir Yimam
Department of Public Health
College of Medicine and Health Science
Debre Markos University, PO Box:269
Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-910-889265
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 08, 2014; Accepted May 26, 2014; Published May 29, 2014
Citation: Yimam K, Kebede Y, Azale T (2014) Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and Associated Factors among Adults in Kombolcha Town, Northeast Ethiopia. J Depress Anxiety S1:007. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.S1-007
Copyright: © 2014 Yimam K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Introduction: Mental illness is becoming an emerging issue in Ethiopia. In view of this, Ethiopian ministry of health formulated mental health strategic plan from 2012/13-2015/16. However, there is scarcity of information, especially from small towns, which assist policy maker’s efforts in reforming mental health care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and factors associated with them. Methods: Community based cross sectional study was undertaken from March to April 2013 in Kombolcha town. A total of 526 residents were selected using two-stage sampling technique. Of these, 512 were participated in this study. Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) was used to determine the prevalence of common mental disorders. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were considered. Results: The prevalence of common mental disorders was found to be 32.4% (95% CI: 30.3-34.5%). Female sex (AOR=1.71 95% CI: 1.01-2.89), no formal education (AOR=6.16 95% CI: 2.34-16.23) and low level of education (first cycle primary school (AOR=2.23 95% CI: 1.15-4.33) and second cycle primary school (AOR=2.01 95% CI: 1.01-4.38)) were significantly associated with common metal disorders. Having small family size (AOR=2.93 95% CI: 1.37-6.25), family history of mental illness (AOR=3.92 95% CI: 2.05-7.51), living with chronic illness (AOR= 2.61 95% CI: 1.45- 4.68) and active smoking (AOR=5.99 95% CI: 2.45-14.68) were significantly associated with common mental disorders. Experiencing one stressful life event (AOR=4.77 95% CI: 2.37-9.62) and two or more stressful life events (AOR=10.55 95% CI: 5.63-19.77) had significant association with common mental disorders. High level of emotional support reduces the likelihood of occurrence of common mental disorders by half. Conclusion: This study had demonstrated that common mental disorders are major public health problems. Female sex, low educational status, small family size, family history of mental illness, smoking, chronic illness, lack of emotional support and stressful life events are independent predictors. To improve the mental status of the community; there is a need of stress management practice and screening mechanism at the primary health care level. Moreover, improving educational status, women’s social position and social network of the community is beneficial.

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