alexa Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease among Non-Smokers with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome Defined By NCEPATP 111 (National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel 111)
ISSN: 2167-0943

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome
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Research Article

Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease among Non-Smokers with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome Defined By NCEPATP 111 (National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel 111)

Aye M1*, Cabot JSF1 and Razak MSA2
1Department of Medicine, UniKL Royal College of Medicine, Perak, Malaysia
2State Health Department, Ministry of Health, Perak, Malaysia
Corresponding Author : Aye M
Department of Medicine
UniKL Royal College of Medicine, Perak, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 16, 2013; Accepted August 16, 2013; Published August 19, 2013
Citation: Aye M, Cabot JSF, Razak MSA (2013) Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease among Non-Smokers with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolic Syndrome Defined By NCEPATP 111 (National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel 111). J Metabolic Synd 2:123. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000123
Copyright: © 2013 Aye M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) incidence varies according to certain risks; patients with pre-existing cardiovascular heart disease who later develop diabetes mellitus (DM) have the greatest risk, and non-diabetic patients with CAD, diabetic patients without CAD, and patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) the next three high risk categories. Insulin resistance, a major feature in both DM and MetS probably causes atherogenic dyslipidaemia.

Objectives: (1) to determine the prevalence of MetS and DM in the study population, (2) to determine the prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) in DM with MetS (DM+/MetS+), in DM alone (DM+/MetS-), MetS alone (Mets+/DM-) and in ‘normal’ group (DM-/MetS-), and (3) to determine the prevalence of MetS in DM patients.

Results: 62.1% of the study population had MetS, 44.7% had DM, 83.6% had both MetS and DM. 18.6% had CAD. CAD was seen in 25.2% of DM+/MetS+, 19.1% of MetS+/DM-, 14.3% of DM+/MetS-, and 11.6% of MetS-/DMpatients. DM+/MetS+ group had the highest association with CAD OR= 2.19, CI (1.43-3.35), DM-/MetS- group the lowest association OR=0.45, CI (0.27-0.73), and DM+/MetS- (OR=0.69, CI (0.28-1.73) and MetS+/DM- (OR=0.94, CI (0.57- 1.58) had no significant association with CAD.

Conclusion: Only DM+/MetS+ patients had a high risk of developing CAD. Risk of CAD in patients with MetS+/ DM- and DM+/MetS- was not statistically significant in multivariate analysis, while the group with neither, MS-/DM-, had the lowest risk of developing CAD.

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