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  • Research Article   
  • Med Rep Case Stud 2018, Vol 3(1): 150
  • DOI: 10.4172/2572-5130.1000150

Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety Disorders in People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Tertiary Hospital in South Western Nigeria

Adekunle Olatayo Adeoti1*, Mobolaji Usman Dada2 and Joseph Olusesan Fadare1
1Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2Department of Psychiatry, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Adekunle Olatayo Adeoti, Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria, Tel: +2348035017228, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 04, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 10, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 20, 2018

Abstract

Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS constitutes a major burden with its attendant mental health related challenges. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorder among HIV patients attending a tertiary institution in south western Nigeria.
Method: A cross-sectional study conducted among HIV patients attending HIV/AIDS clinic of the Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect socio-demographic characteristics with the incorporation of Hospital anxiety depression questionnaire to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety in the study and control groups.
Results: A total of 424 HIV positive study participants were recruited. A corresponding age and sex matched 429 control subjects were also enrolled. The mean age of HIV positive patients and controls are 42.2 ± 9.5 years and 43.4 ± 12.4 years respectively. There was a female prepondence among both study populations. The prevalence of depression among PLHIV was 39.6% whereas depression was lower in the (22.0%) control group. Likewise anxiety was reported in PLHIV and control group as 32.6% and 28.7% respectively. Female gender, illiteracy, being divorced/widowed, unemployed and low income and low CD4 count were associated with depression while factors associated with anxiety disorder included lower age, female gender, low income, and low CD4 count.
Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and anxiety are high in the HIV patients, hence proper integration of mental health care into the HIV programme is inevitable to give patients holistic care.

Keywords: Prevalence; Depression; Anxiety; HIV/AIDS; Antiretroviral treatment; PLHIV

Citation: Adeoti AO, Dada MU, Fadare JO (2018) Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety Disorders in People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Tertiary Hospital in South Western Nigeria. Med Rep Case Stud 3: 150. Doi: 10.4172/2572-5130.1000150

Copyright: © 2017 Adeoti AO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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