Objectives: To determine emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents and to define risk factors for
these emotional and behavioral problems.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among selected and qualified middle and high school children,
their parents and teachers. The Ã¢ÂÂStrength and Difficulties QuestionnaireÃ¢ÂÂ(SDQ) was employed with the intention
to measure psychosocial problems and strengths [prosocial behavior] in children between the ages of 4-10 and
adolescents ages 11-17, through a multi-informant methodology. The questionnaire consists of 25 items equally
divided across five scales measuring: 1) emotional symptoms; 2) conduct problems; 3) hyperactivity-inattention; 4)
peer problems; and 5) prosocial behavior. Except for the prosocial scale, the combined scale (Total Score) reflects
total difficulties, indicating the severity and content of the psychosocial problems. The prosocial scale indicates the
amount of prosocial characteristics a child displays.
Results: In the SDQ questionnaires answered by parents, we obtained the following scores: 27.4% for emotional
symptoms, 28.2% for conduct disorders, 20.4% for hyperactivity, 81.4% for interpersonal relationships, and 43.3%
as the Total Score. In the SDQ questionnaires answered by teachers, we obtained high scorings such as 8.9% for
emotional symptoms, 20.2% for conduct disorders, 13.4% for hyperactivity, 47.6% for interpersonal relationships,
and a Total Score of 33.4%. In the SDQ questionnaires answered by the adolescents themselves, we obtained
scorings such as: 10.0% for emotional symptoms, 10.2% for conduct disorders, 18.8% for hyperactivity, 14.6% for
interpersonal relationships, and 16.3% as the Total Score.
Conclusion: Mongolian adolescents have emotional and behavioral problems as confirmed by the Total Scores
of parents 43.3%, by teachers 33.4% and self-reports 16.3%. The SDQ confirmed that an adolescentÃ¢ÂÂs age, gender,
family environment and living areas will influence their emotional and behavioral well-being.