Prevalence of Emotional and Behavioral Problems among Adolescence and Some Risk FactorsVanchindorj B1*, Naidansuren T2, Bayartsogt B3, Yerlan G1, Narmandakh A4, Batdelger S1, Ochir C3 and Lkhagvasuren N1,4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Vanchindorj B
Master Department of Public Health
Research, Training and Foreign Affairs
National Center for Mental Health
Ulaanbaatar 13280, Mongolia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 29, 2017; Accepted Date: May 05, 2017; Published Date: May 15, 2017
Citation: Vanchindorj B, Naidansuren T, Bayartsogt B, Yerlan G, Narmandakh A, et al. (2017) Prevalence of Emotional and Behavioral Problems among Adolescence and Some Risk Factors. J Ment Disord Treat 3: 136. doi:10.4172/2471- 271X.1000136
Copyright: © 2017 Vanchindorj B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: To determine emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents and to define risk factors for these emotional and behavioral problems. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among selected and qualified middle and high school children, their parents and teachers. The “Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire“(SDQ) was employed with the intention to measure psychosocial problems and strengths [prosocial behavior] in children between the ages of 4-10 and adolescents ages 11-17, through a multi-informant methodology. The questionnaire consists of 25 items equally divided across five scales measuring: 1) emotional symptoms; 2) conduct problems; 3) hyperactivity-inattention; 4) peer problems; and 5) prosocial behavior. Except for the prosocial scale, the combined scale (Total Score) reflects total difficulties, indicating the severity and content of the psychosocial problems. The prosocial scale indicates the amount of prosocial characteristics a child displays. Results: In the SDQ questionnaires answered by parents, we obtained the following scores: 27.4% for emotional symptoms, 28.2% for conduct disorders, 20.4% for hyperactivity, 81.4% for interpersonal relationships, and 43.3% as the Total Score. In the SDQ questionnaires answered by teachers, we obtained high scorings such as 8.9% for emotional symptoms, 20.2% for conduct disorders, 13.4% for hyperactivity, 47.6% for interpersonal relationships, and a Total Score of 33.4%. In the SDQ questionnaires answered by the adolescents themselves, we obtained scorings such as: 10.0% for emotional symptoms, 10.2% for conduct disorders, 18.8% for hyperactivity, 14.6% for interpersonal relationships, and 16.3% as the Total Score. Conclusion: Mongolian adolescents have emotional and behavioral problems as confirmed by the Total Scores of parents 43.3%, by teachers 33.4% and self-reports 16.3%. The SDQ confirmed that an adolescent’s age, gender, family environment and living areas will influence their emotional and behavioral well-being.