alexa Prevalence of Fissured and Geographic Tongue Abnormalit
ISSN: 2329-6674

Enzyme Engineering
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Review Article

Prevalence of Fissured and Geographic Tongue Abnormalities among University Students in Khartoum State, Sudan

Ayah H Musaad1, Amal H Abuaffan2* and Eman Khier3
1General Dentist University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
2Department of Orthodontics and Pedodontics, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
3University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Corresponding Author : Amal H. Abuaffan, BDS, MSc
Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontic
University of Medical Sciences and Technology
Khartoum, Sudan, P.O. Box 1719 Khartoum, Sudan
Tel: 00249912696035
E-Mail: [email protected]
Received October 28, 2015; Accepted December 28, 2015; Published December 31, 2015
Citation: Musaad AH, Abuaffan AH, Khier E (2015) Prevalence of Fissured and Geographic Tongue Abnormalities among University Students in Khartoum State, Sudan. Enz Eng 5:137. doi:10.4172/2329-6674.1000137
Copyright: © 2015 Musaad AH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: It is believed that the tongue represents the state of the body’s health and thus individuals need to pay close attention to any changes that may occur such as altered or loss of taste, burning sensations and abnormal texture.

Objective: To determine prevalence of fissured and/or geographic tongue abnormalities in relation to gender and to asses level of awareness of their existing tongue abnormality among a sample of Sudanese university students.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study for 400 university students within 16 to 22 years old who participated was examined and tongue abnormality was identified and photographed. Chi square test was used to analyse data.

Results: Overall incidence was 54.5% (19.5% among males and 35.0% among females). Most frequent tongue abnormality was fissured tongue (24.0%), ankyloglossia (2.5%), geographic tongue (1.2%), fissured and geographic tongue (0.5%), smooth tongue (0.25%) and lingual thyroid (0.25%). Level of awareness was 55.97% (10.26% in males and 45.71% in females).

Conclusion: This study offers information concerning prevalence of tongue abnormalities, gender association, and types of tongue abnormalities with assessment of level of awareness of existing tongue abnormality among a subgroup of the university students of the Sudanese population.


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