Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Maids in Abidjan, Cote Divoire
- *Corresponding Author:
- David NA Aka
Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie
UFR Sciences médicales
Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny
01 B.P.V 166 Abidjan 01
Tél: (225) 22 44 08 95
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: December 09, 2015 Accepted Date: February 25, 2016 Published Date: March 01, 2016
Citation: Aka DNA, Kouadio-Yapo GC, Dou SPG, Zika DK, Loukou SPK, et al. (2016) Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Maids in Abidjan, Cote D’ivoire. J Bacteriol Parasitol 7:263. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000263
Copyright: © 2016 Aka DNA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Many different types of intestinal helminthes and protozoa infect man worldwide. Because of inadequate sanitary conditions, enteroparasitic infections constitute a serious public health problem in Côte d’Ivoire where infants are most concerned. Low-income populations, such girls or maids of households, which combine an important illiteracy rate, are especially vulnerable.
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among maids in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional community study was conducted among 88 households in a residential area of Abidjan, the main city of Côte d'Ivoire. Data from maids were collected by the use of a questionnaire. Stool of these workers were collected and examined for intestinal parasites by using simple smear and Ritchie’s technical method.
Results: The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was 19.3%. Protozoa (14.7%) were more commonly found than Helminthes (4.5%). The maids were mainly infected with the fecal-oral transmitted parasites, with Entamoeba coli (13.6%). Necator americanus (2.3%) were the soil-transmitted helminthes frequently encountered. No multiple infections were noted.
Conclusion: These results challenge the authorities on the necessity to improve the poor sanitary conditions of the maids, revealed by the importance of their infestations.