alexa Prevalence of Visual and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Office Workers in Palestine

Journal of Ergonomics
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Research Article

Prevalence of Visual and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Office Workers in Palestine

Yahya Saleh1* and Ramiz Assaf2

1Industrial Engineering Department, An-Najah National University, P.O.Box 7, Nablus, Palestine

2Industrial Engineering Department, University of Business and Technology, Jeddah 21361, Saudia Arabia

*Corresponding Author:
Yahya Saleh
Industrial Engineering Department
An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7
Nablus, Palestine
Tel: +97092345113
Fax: +97092345982
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 20, 2017; Accepted date: April 28, 2017; Published date: May 05, 2017

Citation: Saleh Y, Assaf R (2017) Prevalence of Visual and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Office Workers in Palestine. J Ergonomics 7:197. doi: 10.4172/2165-7556.1000197

Copyright: © 2017 Saleh Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Visual and Musculoskeletal Disorders (VMSD) are one of the occupational diseases prevalent among office workers in the globe. Many studies have been devoted to examine such disorders in developed countries. However, few studies have recently been initiated in developing countries. Among them is this study which aims to assess the prevalence of VMSDs among office workers in Palestine. To this end, a self-reporting questionnaire was designed and distributed to 501 respondents from office workers working in public and private organizations in West Bank, Palestine. The collected data were statistically analyzed using Minitab 17.0. More specifically, ANOVA and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analyses were conducted. The results showed that about 62.5% of the sampled workers suffered from the development of at least one VMSD symptom, and about 17% indicated they have one permanent symptom. Besides, gender and age of office workers showed significant statistical differences in the prevalence of VMSD’s symptoms. The results of the MLP showed significance in modeling the VMSD’s symptoms prevalence. The findings of this study could help the relevant stakeholders in taking engineering and administrative interventions to alleviate the adverse effects of VMSD on office workers’ occupational health, safety and job performance.


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