alexa Prevention of Acute Malnutrition During the Lean Season:Comparison of a Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplement and an Improved Dry Ration, South Darfur,Sudan. A Quasi-Experimental Study
ISSN: 2161-0509

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Prevention of Acute Malnutrition During the Lean Season:Comparison of a Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplement and an Improved Dry Ration, South Darfur,Sudan. A Quasi-Experimental Study

Leisel Talley1*, ErinBoyd2, Fawzia el Sharief3, Curti Blanton4, Mohamed OmerAli5 and Maha Mohamed Omer AbdEl rahman6
1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS F60 Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
2United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF HQ Room 842, 3 UN Plaza, New York City, New York 10017, USA
3United Nations Children’s Fund- Nyala Office, P.O. Box 1358 - Khartoum Sudan, Sudan
4Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS F60 Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
5Nutrition Diploma,State Ministry of Health, Nutrition Directorate Office, opposite Nyala Teaching Hospital, Nyala, South Darfur, Sudan
Corresponding Author : Leisel Talley
International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch
Center for Global Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Road
MS F60 Atlanta, GA 30333
Tel: 1 770.488.0696
Fax: +1 770. 488.3266
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 20, 2012; Accepted July 12, 2012; Published July 14, 2012
Citation: Talley L, Boyd E, el Sharief F, Blanton C, OmerAli M, et al. (2012) cche Lean Season: Comparison of a Lipid- Based Nutrient Supplement and an Improved Dry Ration, South Darfur, Sudan. A quasi-Experimental Study. J Nutr Disorders Ther 2:117. doi:10.4172/2161-0509.1000117
Copyright: © 2012 Talley L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Objective: To assess the nutritional impact of a Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplement (LNS) and an Improved Dry Ration (IDR) in blanket supplementary feeding programs.
Design: Longitudinal, quasi experimental non-randomized study
Setting: Otash and Al Salaam internally displaced persons camps, South Darfur, Sudan
Subjects: Children aged 6-36 months were randomly selected for inclusion in the study based on height cut-off of 95 cm and were anthropometrically assessed (weight-for-height z scores [WHZ] based on WHO standards, edema presence, and midupper arm circumference) monthly. IDR was distributed in Otash camp and LNS in Al Salaam.
Main findings: At baseline, 658 and 893 children were enrolled and 159 and 187 children were assessed at all 4 distributions in Otash and Al Salaam camps, respectively; There was no significant difference in mean WHZ between the two groups at baseline, (Otash=-1.18 and Al Salaam=-1.03, p=0.17). Children receiving LNS had higher mean WHZ than those receiving IDR. Significant differences were detected at months 2-4, for the mean WHZ of the LNS cohort, and at 4 months, for the difference of the difference in mean WHZ (-0.23) between camps, p= 0.02.
Conclusions: LNS may be an option for preventing acute malnutrition in humanitarian settings, however research is needed on the timing, duration of use and cost effectiveness.

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